Filling Petrol Tank to the Maximum Causing Explosion in High Temperatures: Facts


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Picture Warning Filling Petrol Tank to the Maximum Causing Explosion in High Temperatures
Filling Petrol Tank to the Maximum Causing Explosion in High Temperatures

Story: 

Warning from indian oil !!!

Due to increase of temperature in the next days, please dont fill petrol to the max. It will cause explosion in the fuel tank.
If u want petrol, then fill to half and leave a space for air.
This week 5 explosive accidents happened due to filling petrol to maximum.
Dont leave the msg stop here. Let others and your family who drive know about it so they can avoid it.

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Picture Warning Filling Petrol Tank to the Maximum Causing Explosion in High Temperatures
Filling Petrol Tank to the Maximum Causing Explosion in High Temperatures

Other Versions

(Hindi)
आने वाले दिनों में तापमान में वृद्धि होना तय है, इसलिए अपने वाहन में पेट्रोल अधिकतम सीमा तक ना भरवायें। यह ईधन टैंक में विस्फोट का कारण बन सकता है। कृपया आप अपने वाहन में आधा टैंक ही ईधन भरवायें और एयर के लिए जगह रखें। इस हफ्ते 5 विस्फोट दुर्घटनाओं की वजह अधिकतम पेट्रोल भरने से हुआ है।

कृपया पेट्रोल टंकी को दिन में एक बार खोल कर अंदर बन रही गैस को बाहर निकलने दे।

नोट : इस मैसेज को आप अपने परिवार सदस्यों व अन्य सभी को भेजें , जिससे लोग इस दुर्घटना से बच सकें धन्यवाद

Picture Warning Filling Petrol Tank to the Maximum Causing Explosion in High Temperatures

Facts Analysis:

These stories, also coming along with a disturbing picture of a burnt man, warn people that petrol tanks of automobile vehicles should not be filled to the full, because it can cause explosion in the high temperature conditions. Let us analyze whether the said possibility is hoax or fact.

About the Claim

The message that comes as a warning from Indian Oil Company has been in circulation through emails, mobile phone messages and social networking websites since at least early 2014. It was said that 5 explosive accidents happened due to filling petrol to maximum. Similar messages appeared in the country of Oman as well, creating a sort of panic among vehicle users.

Allegedly, a similar warning message from Indian Oil Company asks motorists to fill their fuel tanks only to half their capacity. The message also advises people to open the fuel tank once in a day to let go of the gases formed.

Facts

Explosion due to heat requires three things – fuel, suitable temperature and oxygen (air) to support it. Moreover, the auto-ignition temperature of Gasoline (Petrol) is 247–280 °C and Diesel or Jet A-1 is 399 °C, which is highly unlikely in normal weather conditions.

Back in May 2014, timesofoman.com reported about the warnings saying the officials of Royal Oman Police (ROP) and Public Authority of Civil Defense and Ambulances (PACDA) called them misleading and urged people not to pay heed to them. An oil company official the Times of Oman contacted in this regard clarified that their employees within the organization were advised not to fill their car tanks full to the brim as it may cause accidents, and this was a part of their health, safety and environment (HSE) practices. The official also mentioned that, for a better performance on roads, it is not good for the car to be full with petrol. Because, for proper flow of petrol in the engine, there must be some space left for air, and that helps the fuel stream work properly.

Responding to the scare messages on social media, Indian Oil Company also clarified the matter on Twitter. Like mentioned in the message, if you keep open the fuel tank, some of the fuel inside shall also evaporate.

About Picture

The story also comes with a picture of a burnt man beside a fire exploded motorbike (disturbing picture shown in Image Gallery, viewers discretion advised), which in fact is unrelated. It belongs to a fire explosion on 12 Jul 2012 in Nigeria’s Rivers state, where more than 200 people were burned to death when they went to scoop up oil from an overturned oil tanker.

So filling up fuel tanks of motor vehicles to their maximum capacity does not cause explosion in high temperature weather conditions that usually exist. However, it’s a good practice not to fill the tanks full to the brim and allow some air space for free flow of the fuel.

Hoax or Fact:

Hoax with some valid information.


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94
255 shares, 94 points
Prashanth Damarla
Debunker

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